Your source for extraordinary organic essential oils
GLOSSARY OF TERMS
Aromatherapy: The therapeutic use of essential oils.
Aromatic: A substance with a strong aroma or smell.
Assay: Data that is provided when physicochemical tests have been performed on an essential oil. These tests performed determine the levels of components in an essential oil along with the physical properties.
Botanical: Of or relating to plants or plant life, or the science of botany.
CAS: Chemical Abstract Service are registry numbers assigned to a substance when it enters the CAS registry database. These unique numbers are assigned to every chemical substance described in the open scientific literature since 1957, including organic and inorganic compounds, minerals, isotopes, alloys and non-structurable materials. The registry maintained by CAS is an authoritative collection of disclosed chemical substance information. The number assigned is useful for shipping regulations and information.
Cold Pressed: This is a method of mechanical extraction where heat is reduced and minimized throughout the batching of the raw material. The peel of the fruit is penetrated while rolling over a trough. The cells containing the essential oils are pierced by doing this. The whole fruit is then pressed to squeeze the juice and essential oils from the pulp. The essential oil then rises to the surface of the liquid phase. Separation is then performed by centrifuge.
Distillate: The liquid which is extracted from plant matter by heating and condensing vapor.
Essential Oil: A volatile and aromatic liquid (sometimes a semi-solid) which generally constitutes the odorous principles of a plant. It is obtained by a process of expression or distillation from a single botanical form or species.
FEMA: Founded in 1909, the Flavor and Extract Manufacturers Association is the voice of the US flavor industry. Its members are comprised of flavor manufacturers, flavor users, flavor ingredient suppliers, and others interested in the flavor industry. FEMA works with legislators and regulators to assure is members and consumers needs are met. FEMA provides a number for ingredients that have been tested for food safety.
INCI: International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients is a system of names for waxes, oils, pigments, and other ingredients of soaps, cosmetics, based on scientific names and other Latin and English words.
Organic (as relating to agriculture): A standard that covers a product from farm to table, including soil and water quality, pest and weed control. Organic farmers and processors must concern themselves with the preservation of natural resources and biodiversity, the singular determination to use only approved materials, the use of only non-genetically modified ingredients, and the participation in annual inspections to ensure their product meets the established standards.
Steam Distillation: A separation process used to purify or isolate temperature sensitive materials, like aromatic compounds. Steam or water is added to the distillation apparatus, lowering the boiling points of the compounds. The goal is to heat and separate the components at temperatures below their decomposition point. The water vapor carries small amounts of the vaporized compounds to a condensation vessel, where the condensed liquid phase separates, allowing for easy collection. After distillation, the vapors are condensed into two phases – water and the distillate – allowing for separation of the components.
United States Department of Agriculture (USDA): The federal agency responsible for developing and executing policies impacting farming, agriculture, forestry and food in the United States. It also has responsibility for policies impacting and authority over organic products and certification.
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